Self Efficacy Masyarakat Terhadap Vaksin Covid 19 di Wilayah Malang

Community Self Efficacy Against Covid 19 Vaccine in Malang Region

  • Fatimah Zahra stikes kepanjen
  • Lintang Puspita Prabarini Stikes Kepanjen Malang
Keywords: Self efficacy, Vaksin Covid 19

Abstract

Corona virus is a virus that spreads and has a tremendous impact not only in Indonesia but also throughout the world. The government started to carry out vaccines simultaneously to prevent the transmission of covid 19. Self efficacy motivates and improves and changes people's behavior to carry out the covid 19 vaccine. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between self efficacy and the covid 19 vaccine in the community in Malang. This type of research is cross sectional. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. Bivariate analysis using Spearman's rho. The results showed that 7 (6.4%) respondents did not get the covid 19 vaccine. A total of 78 (71%) respondents had high self-efficacy and 32 (29%) respondents had low self-efficacy. The results of the Spearman's rho p value (0.000) which showed a significant relationship between self-efficacy and community behavior to administer the COVID-19 vaccine.

ABSTRAK

Virus corona merupakan virus yang menyebar dan menimbulkan dampak yang luar biasa tidak hanya di Indonesia namun juga di seluruh dunia. Pemerintah memulai untuk melakukan vaksin secara serentak untuk mencegah penularan covid 19. Self efficacy memberikan motivasi dan meningkatkan serta merubah perilaku masyarakat untuk melakukan vaksin covid 19. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan self efficacy terhadap vaksin covid 19 pada masyarakat di Malang. Jenis penelitian ini cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah simple random sampling. Analisis bivariat menggunakan Spearman's rho. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 7 (6,4%) responden tidak melakukan vaksin covid 19. Sebanyak 78 (71%) responden memiliki self efficacy tinggi dan 32 (29%) responden memiliki self efficacy rendah. Hasil uji Spearman's rho p value (0,000) yang menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara self efficacy terhadap perilaku masyarakat untuk melakukan vaksin covid 19. Kesimpulan ada hubungan yang signifikan self efficacy pada masyarakat di walayah Malang untuk melakukan vaksin covid 19

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Hanawi, M. K., Angawi, K., Alshareef, N., Qattan, A. M. N. N., Helmy, H. Z., Abudawood, Y., Alqurashi, M., Kattan, W. M., Kadasah, N. A., Chirwa, G. C., & Alsharqi, O. (2020). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward COVID-19 Among the Public in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Frontiers in Public Health, 8(May). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00217

Asrikan, M. A., Setiyawan, & Widyastuti, E. (2016). Hubungan Self Efficacy dengan Self Care Activity pada Pasien dengan Diabetes Mellitus tipe II di RSUD Pandan Arang Boyolali. Jurnal Skripsi Keperawatan.

Baloran, E. T. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes, Anxiety, and Coping Strategies of Students during COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 25(8), 635–642. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2020.1769300

Bandura. (1997). Self efficacy, The Excercise of Control. W.H. Freeman and Company.

Eko Winarti. (2019). PENGARUH SELF EFFICACY TERHADAP PELAKSANAAN DETEKSI DINI KANKER SERVIKS METODE IVA DI PUSKESMAS KOTA KEDIRI. Journal Unair. http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JPHRECODE

Guan, W., Ni, Z., Hu, Y., Liang, W., Ou, C., He, J., Liu, L., Shan, H., Lei, C., Hui, D. S. C., Du, B., Li, L., Zeng, G., Yuen, K.-Y., Chen, R., Tang, C., Wang, T., Chen, P., Xiang, J., … Zhong, N. (2020). Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(18), 1708–1720. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa2002032

Gultom, Y. (2015). Pengaruh Pengetahuan, Pengalaman spesifik, dan Self Efficacy Terhadap Kinerja... VI(01), 36–53.

Hurlock. (2002). Psikologi Perkembangan. Erlangga.

Lunenburg, C. F. (2011). Self-Efficacy in the Workplace: Implications for Motivation and Performance. International Journal Of Management, Business, and Administration.

Nugroho, S. A., Istiqomah, B., & Rohanisa, F. (2021). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Dan Self Efficacy Vaksinasi Covid-19 Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kesehatan Universitas Nurul Jadid. Jurnal Keperawatan Profesional, 9(2), 108–123. https://doi.org/10.33650/jkp.v9i2.2768

Onoruoiza, S. I., Musa, A., Umar, B. D., & Kunle, Y. S. (2015). Using Health Beliefs Model as an Intervention to Non Compliance with Hypertension Information among Hypertensive Patient. International Organization of Scientific Research Journal Of Humanities And Social Science, 20(9), 11–16. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-20951116

Published
2022-03-15
How to Cite
Zahra, F., & Prabarini, L. P. (2022). Self Efficacy Masyarakat Terhadap Vaksin Covid 19 di Wilayah Malang. Journal of Holistics and Health Sciences (JHHS), 4(1), 75 - 81. https://doi.org/10.35473/jhhs.v4i1.131